From Middle English kampe (“battlefield, open space”), from Old English camp (“battle, contest, battlefield, open space”), from Proto-Germanic *kampaz, *kampą (“open field where military exercises are held, level plain”), from Latin campus (“open field, level plain”), from Proto-Indo-European *kamp- (“to bend; crooked”). Reinforced circa 1520 by Lua error in Module:languages at line 194: attempt to index local 'name' (a nil value)., from Old Northern French camp, from the same Latin (whence also French champ from Old French). Cognate with Old High German champf (“battle, struggle”) (German Kampf), Old Norse kapp (“battle”), Old High German hamf (“paralysed, maimed, mutilated”).
The verb is from Middle English campen, from Old English campian, compian (“to fight, war against”), from Proto-Germanic *kampōną (“to fight, do battle”), from *kampaz (“field, battlefield, battle”), see above. Cognate with Dutch kampen, German kämpfen (“to struggle”), Danish kæmpe, Swedish kämpa.
- An organised event, often taking place in tents or temporary accommodation.
- A base of a military group, not necessarily temporary.
- A single hut or shelter.
- a hunter's camp
- The company or body of persons encamped.
- The camp broke up with the confusion of a flight.
- A group of people with the same strong ideals or political leanings.
- (uncommon) Campus
- (informal) A summer camp.
- (agriculture) A mound of earth in which potatoes and other vegetables are stored for protection against frost; called also burrow and pie.
- (obsolete) Conflict; battle.
- (Britain obsolete) An ancient game of football, played in some parts of England.